The University of Kentucky College of Law is proud to present:
Nina J. Crimm – James and Mary Lassiter Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law
William Canny – Director of Emergency Operations, Catholic Relief Services
James P. Cullen – Retired Brigadier General, United States Army Judge Advocate General’s Corps
Greg Elder – Acting Regional Coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean, United States Agency for International Development
About the Conference:
Significant natural and man-made disasters have inflicted devastation on countries and their populations across the globe. Somalis have suffered from war, drought, and famine, and fleeing Somalis seeking refuge in Kenya have endured rapes and other unspeakable violence in epidemic proportions. Monsoons and floods have wreaked havoc for Pakistanis. Japanese, Sumatrans, Indians, and others have been subjected to the deadly forces of tsunamis, wiping away entire communities and their residents. Earthquakes have rocked Haiti, Japan, and the United States, killing many and leaving others homeless. Political groups have massacred Rwandans en mass in civil war insurgents have amputated limbs, raped, and executed Sierra Leoneans and Chad has been the center of conflict wrought by religious rebels. Wars have torn apart infrastructures and the fabric of societies in Middle East countries, Sudan, and Afghanistan.
Over many years, the United States government, its executive and independent agencies, and nonprofit humanitarian organizations have assumed vital roles in providing disaster relief to victims of innumerable natural and man-made disasters. Their ability to respond and operate diplomatically, quickly, efficiently, and effectively has been impacted not only by financial and human resource capacities, but also by domestic, international, and foreign laws and policies, politics, and infrastructures. This conference presents perspectives and insights as to problems that face several notable governmental and non-governmental actors – the United States military, the United States Agency for International Development, and nonprofit humanitarian relief organizations – and how laws, policies, politics, and infrastructures help and hinder disaster relief responses and interactions among responders, perhaps especially those with responsibilities for providing initial assistance.
About our Speakers:
Nina J. Crimm is the James and Mary Lassiter Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Kentucky College of Law. She is a Professor of Law at St. John's University School of Law in New York. During summer 2011, she was the “Chercheur Invité ” (Invited Scholar) at the Institut des Mondes Anglophone, Germanique, and Roman, a Université Paris-Est research institute exploring relationships of religion, politics, national discourse, and culture in the English speaking world. In spring 2011, she was Professor in Residence at The Urban Institute, Center on Nonprofits and Philanthropy, a Washington, D.C. think tank.
Professor Crimm clerked for Judge Irene F. Scott, U.S. Tax Court, and later became Attorney-Advisor/Senior Attorney in the Office of the Chief Judge of the U.S. Tax Court. She practiced tax and nonprofit law with a Washington, D.C. law firm before entering academia. She was recipient of a research grant from the American Tax Policy Institute and an ATAX Research Fellow at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia.
Professor Crimm has published numerous law review articles involving taxation and First Amendment issues related to nonprofit organizations and philanthropy. Professor Crimm is the co-author of Politics, Taxes, and the Pulpit: Provocative First Amendment Conflicts. She is the author of Tax Issues of Religious Organizations, published first in 2002 and as a new edition in 2009 by the Bureau of National Affairs as Tax Management Portfolio No. 484. Professor Crimm writes "The Quarterly Commentator," a quarterly column on various policy and legal matters affecting nonprofit organizations for The Exempt Organization Tax Review.
William Canny is the Director of Emergency Operations at Catholic Relief Services. Working with a network of emergency technical advisors based in Baltimore and overseas, he supervises a team that responds to disasters and helps communities to prepare for potential catastrophes.
Prior to his current position, Mr. Canny was CRS’ country representative in Haiti where he was responsible for overseeing programs and Church partner relations in the poorest country in the hemisphere. His prior experience with CRS included posts in India as regional director for South Asia, in Baltimore as deputy director of the Eurasia region and deputy director of the Africa region, in Burkina Faso as country representative, and in Djibouti as an assistant project manager coordinating emergency food and shelter for some 35,000 Ethiopian refugees who had fled to that tiny East African country. He also previously served as secretary general of the International Catholic Migration Commission, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
James P. Cullen is a retired Brigadier General of the United States Army Judge Advocate General's Corps with over 26 years of combined active duty and reserve service. He last served as Chief Judge (IMA) of the U.S. Army Court of Criminal Appeals. He was also responsible in this position for development and implementation of training programs for over 2,000 Army Reserve Judge Advocate Officers across the country, and evaluated all senior Army Reserve Judge Advocate nominations including nominations to serve as U.S. Army Reserve military judges. He previously commanded the 4th Military Law Center, which detailed legal officers to a number of overseas jurisdictions in aid of military operations.
He was among the first flag rank officers to join with Human Rights First, previously known as the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, to protest against the interrogation and detention policies implemented by Defense Secretary Rumsfeld. He, along with other retired generals and admirals, met individually with presidential candidates before the 2008 election. The retired officers describes to the candidates the damage that torture and inhumane conditions caused our national security, relationships with allies and people upon whom we depended for our military intelligence. The group asked for the candidates’ commitment, if elected, to restore our national values, adherence to domestic law and the Geneva Conventions.
He is now of counsel in the law firm of Anderson Kill & Olick, P.C. and practices in their New York City office where he headed the real estate and construction department before his semi-retirement in December 2010.
Greg Elder is the Acting Regional Coordinator for Latin America and the Caribbean for the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) where he has played a role in various emergency responses from the Haiti Earthquake in 2010 to the Libya Complex Emergency in 2011. He previously worked for Catholic Relief Services in Haiti, Sudan, and at their headquarters in Baltimore, MD. He spent two years teaching in a mission high school in Jamaica. He is a native of Owensboro, Kentucky and a graduate of the University of Kentucky (Class of 1999) with a B.A. in Political Science and French. He also holds Masters Degrees from U.K in Education and International Relations from the Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce.